Sex reassignment surgery SRSalso known as gender reassignment surgery GRS and several other names, is a surgical procedure or procedures by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender. It is part of a treatment for gender dysphoria in transgender people. Professional medical organizations have established Standards of Care that apply before someone can apply for and receive reassignment surgery, including psychological evaluation, and a period of real-life experience living in the desired gender.
Transgender people have among the highest rates of suicide attempts of any group in society, driven strongly by the perception that they do not belong in the sex of their physical body. The procedure raises important ethical and distributive justice concerns, given the controversy of whether it is a cosmetic or medical procedure and the economic costs associated with performing the procedure. This paper argues that there is a strong case for funding GRS as a matter of clinical necessity and justice.
The subject who is truly loyal to the Chief Magistrate will neither advise nor submit to arbitrary measures. Audio for this article is not available at this time. This translation has been automatically generated and has not been verified for accuracy.
Bradley Manning, the U. Army private who was sentenced Aug. Converting male anatomy to female anatomy requires removing the penis, reshaping genital tissue to appear more female and constructing a vagina.
Rumer performs MTF gender reassignment surgeries every year. She offers the full range of surgical procedures for trans women. She also offers FTM bottom surgery procedures.
Statistics have shown that some surgeries have seen demand shoot up over the past decade as society became increasingly accepting of trans-sexuality, but what is it and what is involved? Gender reassignment surgery is a surgical procedure where a transgender person can alter their existing characteristics to resemble that of their identified gender. The surgery is part of treatment for gender dysphoria in transgender people, where a person experiences distress due to a mismatch of their biological sex and their gender identity.
Medicaid members age 21 and older who are diagnosed with gender dysphoria would be eligible for genital and breast-related surgery, under proposed rules from the Department of Healthcare and Family Services. Medicaid is a state and federally funded health insurance program that serves many poor and disabled Illinois residents. About 1, Illinois residents on Medicaid have been diagnosed with gender dysphoria, according to the department.
But mine is a Thailand of a kind man under fluorescent light confirming my wish to have gender reassignment surgery. That hard-to-describe quality also characterizes the Thailand I experienced in my month-long recovery after that surgery; those days and nights in the same hotel room, the meals and the massages. This waswhen options for such surgery were limited, and the idea that it could be covered by insurance unheard of. Thailand was by far a more cost-effective option than anywhere in the West, even with the nice hotel, and because there were so many trans women in the region, it was a place that was also well-regarded.
Requirements for genital reconstructive surgery i. Gender-specific services may be medically necessary for transgender persons appropriate to their anatomy. Examples include:.
Transsexualism is defined as a persistent and strong cross-gender identification, combined with the patients persistent discomfort with his or her sex and a sense of inappropriateness in the gender role of that sex Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, revision 4, [DSM-IV-TR]. This disturbance causes clinical distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning. The specifically trained mental health professional is obliged to find out, if the patient fulfills all criteria of an irreversible gender transposition and if he or she will benefit from medical hormonal and surgical sex reassignment treatment. After absolving 12 months of real life-experience and after at least six months of continuous hormonal treatment, the indication for surgical sex-reassignment may be given.