Find information and resources for current and returning patients. Learn about clinical trials at MD Anderson and search our database for open studies. The Lyda Hill Cancer Prevention Center provides cancer risk assessment, screening and diagnostic services.
If you're struggling to find what you need, call our Support line on 7 days a week, 8am-8pm. Tania talks about her experience of living with anal cancer, how she felt after diagnosis and the difficulty she had finding other people who have had rare cancers. About our cancer information videos.
The anus is the end of the large intestinebelow the rectumthrough which stool solid waste leaves the body. The anus is formed partly from the outer skin layers of the body and partly from the intestine. Two ring-like muscles, called sphincter muscles, open and close the anal opening and let stool pass out of the body.
Anal cancer is a type of cancer that forms in tissues of the anus. The anus is the opening of the rectum to the outside of the body and at the end of the GI tract. Sometimes anal cancer causes no symptoms at all.
When cancer cells form into benign or malignant tumors in the tissues of the anus, anal cancer has occurred. The anus is the opening at the bottom of your intestines where stool exits the body. Anal cancer is rare, but when it occurs, it may spread to other parts of the body.
Anal cancer is a cancer which arises from the anusthe distal opening of the gastrointestinal tract. Prevention includes avoiding risk factors and HPV vaccination. Symptoms of anal cancer can include pain or pressure in the anus or rectum, a change in bowel habits, a lump near the anus, rectal bleeding, itching or discharge.
The digestive system takes in nutrients vitaminsmineralscarbohydratesfats, proteinsand water from foods and helps pass waste material out of the body. The digestive system is made up of the esophagusstomachand the small and large intestines. The colon large bowel is the first part of the large intestine and is about 5 feet long.
Your rectum and colon are both part of the digestive system, so rectal and colon cancers are often grouped under the term colorectal cancer. The rectum is located below the sigmoid colon and above the anus. Worldwide, colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in females and the third most common cancer in males. The American Cancer Society estimates there will be 43, new cases of rectal cancer in the United States in
During a colonoscopy, the doctor inserts a colonoscope into your rectum to check for abnormalities in your entire colon. Rectal cancer is often diagnosed when a doctor orders tests to find the cause of rectal bleeding or iron deficiency anemia. A colonoscopy is the most accurate of these tests.
Anal cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in or around the anus or anal canal, the short passage through which bowel movements pass. The most common type of cancer found in this location is believed to be related to a type of viral infection linked to causing other types of cancers as well. Anal cancers are usually treated with radiation and chemotherapy, but surgery alone may be useful for very small or early anal cancers or when other therapy is not an option or unsuccessful in treating the anal cancer.