Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease STD. There's no cure for genital herpes, but medicines can help control the infection. STDs also called sexually transmitted infections or STIs are infections that spread through sex vaginal, oral, or anal or close sexual contact.
Both oral herpes infections and genital herpes infections are mostly asymptomatic but can cause mild symptoms or painful blisters or ulcers at the site of infection. HSV-1 is a highly contagious infection, which is common and endemic throughout the world. Most HSV-1 infections are acquired during childhood, and infection is lifelong.
Herpes is caused by a common virus called herpes simplex virus HSV. This is a common sexually transmitted infection in the UK. When you acquire the herpes virus, it stays in skin and nerve cells for life.
As many as 1 in 2 American adults have oral herpes, which is often caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 HSV An estimated 1 in 8 Americans ages 1 4 to 49 have genital herpes from herpes simplex virus type 2 HSV-2which causes most cases of genital herpes. However, either type of HSV can occur in the genital or oral region.
According to the World Health Organization3. Another million people 11 percent between ages 15 and 49 worldwide have herpes simplex virus type 2 HSV But genital herpes is sometimes the exact same virus — just in a different location.
Approximately 50 percent of the adult population in the United States has oral herpes, typically caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 HSV Most people contract oral herpes when they are children by receiving a kiss from a friend or relative. For some, symptoms may appear between the upper lip, on or inside the nose, or on the chin or cheek.
Another partner doesn't. Any sexual contact between the two can infect the uninfected. The virus most easily enters the body through a break in the skin, Glatt says—say, an abrasion from rough sex, a cut in your mouth, or a sore from another condition.
The two strains of the herpes simplex virus cause both cold sores and genital herpes. Both cause a lifelong infection. Ask anyone who gets cold sores and they'll tell you how unpleasant these little sores and blisters can be.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 HSV2 is one of two types of the herpes virus and is rarely transmitted orally. As is the case with other medical conditions, people with compromised immune systems are at a higher risk for acquiring HSV and developing more severe infections. HSV2 is a sexually transmitted virus that causes sores and blisters known as herpes lesions.